Introduction: In this activity, acceptance will conduct a “model United Nations General Assembly” session. The action is advised to accustom acceptance with issues in all-embracing relations and the structure, aims and procedures acclimated by the United Nations to boldness disputes amid nations. Acceptance will apprentice about the aboriginal history of the United Nations by analytical the contributions fabricated by Ralph Bunche to the alignment during the aboriginal 25 years of its existence.
Subject areas addressed: American History, Apple History, Communications (Speech), Civics (Government).
Objective:Students will accept the befalling to:
Learn about accepted and accomplished problems and situations affecting the United Nations
Learn about the life, career, and aesthetics of Ralph Bunche, American agent and Nobel Accord Prize winner
Develop accommodating acquirements abilities and advance the adeptness to ability fair compromises
Develop analytical cerebration abilities about absolute issues as able-bodied as accepted issues in all-embracing relations
– Archetype of the video Ralph Bunche: An American Odyssey
– TV and VCR (for assuming video)
– Computer(s) with Internet access
(Optional: Letter cutters to accomplish signs and flags for UN affiliate states, video accessories to band the session, microphones and belvedere for speeches).
Relevant Civic Standards:
This assignment addresses the afterward civic technology standards accustomed by Mid-Continent Analysis for Education and Learning.
Understands influences on all-embracing relations afterwards Apple War II and the capability of the United Nations in abbreviation all-embracing tensions and conflict
Understands how post-World War II about-face occurred, new all-embracing ability relations took shape, and colonial empires bankrupt up
Understands the about-face in political and bread-and-butter altitude afterwards Apple War II (e.g., why and how the United Nations was established, area it has been actively involved, and how acknowledged it has been as a peacekeeper; and the United States’ all-embracing administration post-World War I and post-World War II).
The abecedary should accessible the assignment with a “warm-up question”. This ability booty the anatomy of allurement acceptance what access they anticipate should be acclimated to abundantly boldness a accepted classroom (or schoolwide) dispute. Suggestions may accommodate acceptance an ambassador or alfresco advisor to adjudge how the altercation should be settled. Choosing a “peer mediator” whom both abandon feel can be trusted, and recommendations that the acceptance “hash it out” amid themselves.
The abecedary may acknowledgment that disputes amid nations are about acclimatized the aforementioned way, that this was the arch acumen that the United Nations was set up afterwards Apple War II, and that, often, the methods acclimated by the UN aren’t abundant altered than those they recommended to boldness academy disputes: mediation, compromise, and conciliation.
The abecedary should acquaint the “Model UN Project” acknowledgment that the chic will be set up as a UN General Assembly, and that the acceptance (in best cases groups of students) will represent affiliate states. First, however, they will attending at a video about addition who played a key role in ambience up the United Nations and who had an appulse on the behavior and procedures that are still in use today.
The abecedary again shows the video Ralph Bunche: An American Odyssey to the class, acquainted that the acceptance should pay acclimatized absorption to Bunche’s role as a UN advocate and official.
It should additionally be acclaimed that Bunche was an all-embracing civilian servant, not a agent or adumbrative of the US. However, Bunche could and did assignment finer “behind the scenes” to advance accord and amends throughout the apple (More advice on this can be begin on the Ralph Bunche: An American Odyssey website pages, Mr. UN. and The Peacemaker. Bunche additionally anon lobbied the US appointment for behavior that would strengthen the UN’s position on animal rights (More advice on this can be begin on the Ralph Bunche: An American Odyssey website page, The Scholar-Activist.
(If time is limited, the abecedary may omit the determinative adventures and bookish career sequences in the video. Sequences ambidextrous accurately with the UN accommodate the one alpha at the 43 minute 30 additional point, with Bunche actuality allotment of the appointment which created the United Nations, alive with Harold Stassen to abode the area of the UN Charter ambidextrous with the cachet of the colonies and assurance territories (53 min.), continuing through the articulation of Bunche actuality awarded the Nobel Accord Prize for his efforts in analytic the Average East crisis of 1948 (77 min 44 sec.). Also, of accurate appliance is the arrangement on the aboriginal UN Peacekeeping operation (87 min. 10 sec. to 91 min.) and the area on East-West relations aural the UN and the operations of the Secretariat (85 min 29 sec. to 87 min. 10 sec.)
After examination the video, the abecedary should adduce that the chic analysis the history and purpose of the United Nations. Application the United Nations web armpit (web abode below) or a commensurable site, the acceptance will apprentice about the UN Charter and the assorted organs and departments of the organization.
The abecedary should again explain to the acceptance that in administering a “model UN General Assembly”, in which they will abet to break above apple problems, they accept to accumulate in apperception that anniversary nation is additionally aggravating to break its own civic problems and advance its own interests. The abecedary may ambition to ask the chic what apple problems are currently in the news. Answers may accommodate the Palestinian problem, issues involving the above nation of Yugoslavia, alternation in above colonial areas of the world, such as Africa. The abecedary may agenda that abounding of the problems the United Nations charge accord with in the aboriginal allotment of the 21st Century are accompanying to issues the apple was attempting to accord with in the average of the 20th Century. For example, as they accept apparent in the video, the UN was complex in arbitration of disputes in the Average East, ambidextrous with arising nations on the African sub-continent, and animal and civilian rights. The chic can analyze these issues with those that are of affair today, for example, including the Palestinian question, the conflicts in Africa, and animal rights issues in assorted genitalia of the world.
The abutting footfall would be to accredit acceptance to represent assorted “member states”. This can be done by acceptance acceptance to anatomy their own groups (the admeasurement of anniversary accumulation will depend on the cardinal of acceptance in a class, but it is recommended that no added than six acceptance accomplish up any one group) or by allotment acceptance to a accurate group. Affliction should be taken to ensure that the arrangement of “developed” to “developing” nations in the archetypal UN parallels that in the UN today. One way to do this ability be to accept anniversary accumulation draw cards with the cardinal “1”, “2”, or “3”. If a accumulation draws a “1” card, they can accept the role of a developed nation, such as the United States. If they draw a “2”, again they should become a Communist nation, such as Cuba or Vietnam. If they baddest a “3” card, again they would be a developing nation, such as Bangladesh or the Philippines.
Once this footfall is completed, the acceptance can accept the nation they ambition to represent, application the account of affiliate states on the web page, or the abecedary may ambition to arbitrarily accredit apprentice groups to specific affiliate states.
It is recommended that the abecedary accumulation anniversary accumulation with a “portfolio” (a manila binder will do) in which the accumulation can accumulate copies of all advice it collects, resolutions adopted, etc. This book will serve as analysis that the accumulation did the analysis and developed acclimatized positions or resolutions. (A appropriate civic agent portfolio account is included below.)
The acceptance will advance a contour of the nation they will represent by researching, either online or through accepted sources, the background, bread-and-butter system, and political arrangement of the specific nation they will represent. The contour should accommodate the afterward information: geographic location, concrete features, climate, a description of the political system, anatomy of government, demographic information, bread-and-butter arrangement and statistics, issues of calm concern, bounded or bounded conflicts, associates in above alliances and organizations, and all-around issues that may accept a absolute appulse on that nation. (Students can use the absorbed civic contour worksheet, or advance their own.
Based on the advice the accumulation has collected, it can abstract “resolutions” to be presented during the Archetypal UN session. Teachers should booty affliction to ensure that the resolutions developed are accompanying to an absolute battle or problem, and that it is advised to be of account to the nation that is presenting it. The absorbed UN resolution Area Format will accord acceptance some advice on how to abstract a resolution.
When anniversary accumulation has accomplished advancing its portfolio, the chic is accessible to focus on ambience up the Archetypal UN session
Questions to be advised include:
– Area the affair will be captivated (in the classroom, academy cafeteria, auditorium)
– Who (student or teacher) should act as the adjudicator (“Secretary General”) of the archetypal United Nations session
– What procedures to chase to acquiesce nations to introduce, debate, and vote on resolutions
– What the time anatomy will be (How continued should the affair run. One day? Several days?)
– How the resolutions, apprentice participation, and added assignment will be evaluated
– Whether the affair should be videotaped
– Should microphones, podium, and added accessories be used
The answers to anniversary of these questions will depend on the alone classroom and teacher, but they are questions that should be advised above-mentioned to the session.
The abecedary should either accredit (or the chic can elect) a apprentice to serve as “Secretary General” and abstinent the session. Teachers and the chic may ambition to accredit to the website Parliamentary Action by John A. Cagle for added advice .
On the aboriginal day of the session, the abecedary ability ambition to admonish acceptance of basal rules of order, how to abide a resolution, voting action etc. The affair can be alleged to the adjustment by the “Secretary General”. It is recommended however, that the abecedary act as “UN Control” throughout, acceptable the assembly with whatever questions or issues arise, and about allowance to accumulate the affair active smoothly, so that one accumulation or resolution does not unfairly boss the meeting. It ability be appropriate to admonish acceptance that assembly of affiliate states action aural assertive strictures at the UN. They charge accede both their civic interest, their obligations to added nations with whom they accept active treaties and their obligations as associates of the United Nations.
An appraisal explanation should be acclimated to actuate apprentice achievement. It is recommended that the accumulation be graded rather than alone students. A sample explanation is provided.
Student HandoutsClick actuality to download these Documents as a PDF book (32K)
Model United Nations Online Resources
Wuzzardo’s Archetypal United Nations Help Folio contains assorted links, including starting a archetypal UN, as able-bodied as links to added archetypal UN sessions.
American Archetypal United Nations International
Yahoo Government chase folio with several links to Archetypal United Nations sites
United Nations Cyber Academy Bus armpit on archetypal United Nations
Links and e-mail addresses to assorted archetypal United Nations conferences beyond the US
University of California at San Diego Archetypal United Nations
Florida High Academy Archetypal United Nations contains assorted links and account from Florida archetypal UN sessions that can be acclimatized for added schools
Various archetypal United Nations sites as begin by the “Go Network”
“Electronic Archetypal United Nations” armpit provides an befalling for schools and acceptance to accompany an “online” Archetypal UN.
Online assets for Ralph Bunche, his activity and work
Web-based adventures for Ralph Bunche on “Africana.com”
Ralph J. Bunche All-embracing Affairs Center (Howard University)
Ralph Bunche quotations
History Channel adventures of Ralph Bunche
History Channel advice folio apropos An American Dilemma
Ralph Bunche area at the Schomburg Legacy Exhibition
“Britannica Guide to the Nobel Prizes” featuring Ralph Bunche. Includes a QuickTime cine blow of Bunch speaking which can be downloaded. (Note: downloading the blow may booty several account on a apathetic Internet connection.)
Philadelphia Circadian Account adventure account Bunche’s role in clearing the Mid East crisis in the backward 1940’s
American Heritage adventure on Bunche
American Heritage adventure on Bunche’s role in allowance to arbitrate the Mid East crisis
Related sites to abetment in developing action statements or award advice about UN affiliate nations
– United Nations Home page
– Central Intelligence Agency
– CIA Apple Fact Book (includes government, economic, and amusing advice apropos added than 250 nations)
– Account of UN affiliate states
– Index of home pages of affiliate UN delegations
– CNN Home page
– CBS News
– ABC News
– NBC News
– FOX News
– PBS’s NewsHour with Jim Lehrer
National Agent Portfolio
Groups should accumulate all abstracts apropos to the Archetypal United Nations in this portfolio. All advice calm will be acclimated to advance civic action statements and aesthetics of angle in our Archetypal General Assembly session.
Materials to be included in portfolios include:
o Any files downloaded from online sources apropos civic profiles and analysis on the nation the accumulation has called to represent in the Archetypal United Nations
o Any files downloaded apropos United Nations history and/or behavior acclimated by the group. This would accommodate files from the United Nations, or added account sources, such as CNN.
o Any added sources (newspapers, magazines, etc.) that the accumulation acclimated to advance their portfolios or resolutions. These may be the absolute belief or may be Xeroxed copies of the stories.
o Text of any statements or behavior the accumulation develops for administration for the Assembly as a whole, or for any added accumulation or organization.
These abstracts should be brought circadian to chic by the group.
This portfolio will be submitted for appraisal afterwards the cessation of the Archetypal United Nations session, or whenever UN Control (the teacher) asks for a “hard archetype briefing” of accumulation activities.
All associates of the accumulation should do their best to accord to this project, aloof as absolute nations acquisition that it takes cooperation amid a nation’s citizens as able-bodied as cooperation amid nations to accomplish a peaceful apple community.
Signatures of the nation’s assembly beneath announce that they accept their roles in the simulation and in acknowledged achievement of the portfolio and all aspects of the Archetypal United Nations.
Name of nation: _______________________________________________________
National Contour Worksheet
Directions: Use this area to acquisition advice about the nation you accept called to represent in the Archetypal United Nations. Attending for advice in the web assets or through accepted assets to acknowledgment these questions.
1. Description of political arrangement and anatomy of government: (who is the nation’s accepted leader? What affectionate of government is in place? What are the government’s goals, aims, successes, and adjustment of operation?
2. Demographic information: Account abstracts about the citizenry of your country, its ethnic/religious background, articulacy rate, baby bloodshed rate, and so on.
3. Economy: Accommodate advice about the nation’s Gross Calm Product, inflation, unemployment, etc., and any added accordant or absolute bread-and-butter data.
4. Major calm issues of affair to the nation:
5. Recent conflicts involving your nation (Be abiding to account both civic and all-embracing conflicts):
6. Membership in above alliances and organization: (Note access these memberships ability accept on your nation.)
7. Major all-around issues that could accept a absolute appulse on your nation:
8. Date of UN Membership: ______________________________________________
United Nations ResolutionFormat Sheet
Following is a framework of how a resolution should be complete in adjustment to accept the General Assembly accede it.While resolutions do not accept to carefully attach to these guidelines, it is appropriate that they should be similar.
Submitting Nation: __________________________________________________________________
Submitting Delegate(s) (Principle author’s name first): __________________________________________________________________________________
Submitted on (date): _________________________________________________________________
Action taken (pass, fail, tabled); ________________________________________________________
Vote totals: ________________________________________________________________________
Signature of the Secretary General of the United Nations:
Submitting delegate(s) should add accessories (such as downloaded advice files, etc.) to the aback of this resolution afore consideration.
Model United Nations Rubric
This brand area will actuate your group’s brand for the Archetypal United Nations. All associates of the accumulation are accustomed the aforementioned grade
1. Research (25 points): How did this accumulation conduct its research? Are copies of all web based and accepted based analysis included in the portfolio? (________________ Credibility awarded).
2. Resolution (25 points): How did the accumulation advance their resolution for acquiescence to the General Assembly? Did it accommodated the belief set by UN Control? (________________ Credibility awarded).
3. Cooperation (25 points): Did all the associates of the accumulation act in a accessible and compassionate address during the session? Were they belligerent or accumulate the affair from extensive its goal? (________________ Credibility awarded).
4. Speaking ability/negotiation abilities (25 points): Were the associates of this appointment accomplished in actuality actuating and actuality able to accommodate to ability a accord amid the General Assembly? (________________ Credibility awarded).
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